The lack of vehicle documentation law uniformity from coast-to-coast has led to practice known as title washing. Title washing helps car owners remove their vehicle’s “salvaged” or “flood-damaged” branding.
Imagine that you own car dealership stuck with a lot full of flood-damaged vehicles. This is exactly what happened to many new and used car dealers following hurricane Katrina. When you include the cars and trucks owned by individuals throughout the Gulf states estimates of losses approach 500,000 vehicles.
Would you knowingly purchase one of these vehicles? Few would and that’s why incidences of title washing rise after major disasters like floods and hurricanes.
What is Title Washing?
Title washing hides the history of a vehicle that’s been salvaged. Salvage titles are assigned to cars that are deemed a total loss by insurance companies. This is also referred to as “branding” a vehicle.
This doesn’t mean the car can’t be driven but vehicles branded with salvage titles have lower market values and are difficult to sell. Title washing washes away a vehicles branding. Once the branding is eliminated, the car’s value goes up and it’s a lot easier to sell.
You can see why so many car owners might be motivated to “wash” their titles.
How Title Washing Works
Title washing allows dealers and individuals to remove salvage branding from car titles to minimize their losses. Titles are washed by transferring a salvaged vehicle to a state that doesn’t recognize the brand.
When the state issues a new title, it may no longer show that it had been salvaged. If not, the seller will move it from state to state until the branding is gone. When it is, the vehicle’s history will have been “washed” clean.
Do a VIN Check & Request a History Report
Title washing is a dirty trick but consumers can do an AutoCheck or CarFax VIN Check which track a vehicle’s history even if it’s moved to another state. Once a vehicle has been branded and that information is reported to AutoCheck, it remains in their records no matter how many states it’s sold in.
The title may no longer indicate severe damage, but a vehicle history report will. “Washing” a title doesn’t wash away computer records. Keep in mind that title washed vehicles are sold by individual sellers as well as car dealers.
Don’t assume that because you are purchasing a car on a lot that it’s title hasn’t been washed clean. If you can, obtain a title guarantee from the dealer in writing. This shouldn’t be difficult if the seller is a reputable dealer.
How to Report Title Washing Fraud
If you suspect a local car dealer is committing fraud by knowingly selling a flood car or a salvaged vehicle as a good condition used car, contact your auto insurance company, local law enforcement agency or the National Insurance Crime Bureau at 800-TEL-NICB.